Most U.S. citizens acquire their citizenship by being born within the United States. Children born outside the United States to one or two U.S. citizen parents can also acquire U.S. citizenship at birth if certain conditions are met. Other persons may acquire U.S. citizenship later in life due to naturalization (either intentional or automatic).
Determining a Claim to U.S. Citizenship of a Child Born in The Bahamas or the Turks and Caicos Islands to at Least One U.S. Citizen Parent
The birth of a child in The Bahamas or the Turks and Caicos Islands (TCIs) to a U.S. citizen parent (or parents) should be reported as soon as possible to the U.S. consular section of the U.S. Embassy in Nassau for the purpose of assessing the child’s claim to U.S. citizenship at birth. The official record is in the form of a Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States of America, Form FS-240.
A Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) can be prepared only at the U.S. consular office in the country/region where the child was born and typically can only be done while the child is under the age of 18. If your child was born elsewhere than The Bahamas or the TCIs, please contact the U.S. Embassy/Consulate having U.S. consular jurisdiction over the place the child was born.
In order to determine the child’s citizenship under the appropriate provisions of U.S. law, the following documents must be submitted:
- The child’s local birth certificate
- Proof of U.S. citizenship of the child’s U.S. citizen parent or parents
- Photo I.D. of parents (such as a U.S. and foreign passport)
- Parents’ marriage certificate, if applicable
- Document about termination of any/all previous marriages of either parent, if applicable (divorce decree, death certificate, etc.)
- Proof of Physical Presence in the U.S. by the U.S. citizen parent which documents their time spent in the U.S. prior to the child’s birth.For the latest requirements for physical presence, you can visit Travel.State.Gov.
Acceptable documents as proof of presence are school transcripts, tax returns, W2’s or statement and earnings report from the Social Security Administration.
- The age limit for documentation using a CRBA is age 18 years. (please contact our office at (242) 322-1181 ext. 4406, 4584 or 4547 if you have questions.
- Application for a CRBA Form DS-2029 (PDF 106 KB)
- Fee in US$ (see current Schedule of Fees) or equivalent in Bahamian dollars.
To apply for a CRBA, the U.S. citizen parent (or one of two U.S. citizen parents) and the child must be present at the Embassy. Please see ACS appointment system instructions to schedule an appointment.
We encourage you to apply for a U.S. passport at the same time you make the CRBA application. Both parents and the child must be present. Please see Passports for Children for more information. An Application for a U.S. Social Security Number SS-5 should also be filed along with the application for CRBA.
If you cannot download the forms contact the Consular section at firstname.lastname@example.org and forms will be mailed to you.
Please note: Acquisition of U.S. citizenship through birth abroad to a U.S. citizen parent requires a “blood relationship” of parent and child — the child must be the biological child of the U.S. citizen parent. Adopted children and step-children of U.S. citizens may be able to obtain U.S. citizenship or residence under other sections of law. Parents of such children should contact the consular section for information specific to their situation.
Third Party Attendance at Passport and CRBA Appointment Interviews
Generally, immediate family members may accompany passport or CRBA applicants to their appointment interviews at a U.S. embassy or consulate, and all minor children must be accompanied by a parent or guardian. Passport or CRBA applicants also have the option of being accompanied by an attorney at their appointment interview. Attendance by any third party, including an attorney, accompanying an applicant is subject to the following parameters designed to ensure an orderly appointment interview process and to maintain the integrity of the adjudication of the application(s):
- Given space limitations in the consular section, not more than one attendee at a time will be allowed to accompany an applicant (or the applicant’s parent or guardian if the applicant is a minor).
- Attendance by an attorney does not excuse the applicant and/or the minor applicant’s parent or guardian from attending the appointment interview in person.
- The manner in which a passport or CRBA appointment interview is conducted, and the scope and nature of the inquiry, shall at all times be at the discretion of the consular officer, following applicable Departmental guidance.
- It is expected that attorneys will provide their clients with relevant legal advice prior to, rather than at, the appointment interview, and will advise their clients prior to the appointment interview that the client will participate in the appointment interview with minimal assistance.
- Attorneys may not engage in any form of legal argumentation during the appointment interview and before the consular officer.
- Attendees other than a parent or guardian accompanying a minor child may not answer a consular officer’s question on behalf or in lieu of an applicant, nor may they summarize, correct, or attempt to clarify an applicant’s response, or interrupt or interfere with an applicant’s responses to a consular officer’s questions.
- To the extent that an applicant does not understand a question, s/he should seek clarification from the consular officer directly.
- The consular officer has sole discretion to determine the appropriate language(s) for communication with the applicant, based on the facility of both officer and applicant and the manner and form that best facilitate communication between the consular officer and the applicant. Attendees may not demand that communications take place in a particular language solely for the benefit of the attendee. Nor may attendees object to or insist on the participation of an interpreter in the appointment interview, to the qualifications of any interpreter, or to the manner or substance of any translation.
- No attendee may coach or instruct applicants as to how to answer a consular officer’s question.
- Attendees may not object to a consular officer’s question on any ground (including that the attendee regards the question to be inappropriate, irrelevant, or adversarial), or instruct the applicant not to answer a consular officer’s question. Attendees may not interfere in any manner with the consular officer’s ability to conduct all inquiries and fact-finding necessary to exercise his or her responsibilities to adjudicate the application.
- During a passport or CRBA appointment interview, attendees may not discuss or inquire about other applications.
- Attendees may take written notes, but may not otherwise record the appointment interviews.
- Attendees may not engage in any other conduct that materially disrupts the appointment interview. For example, they may not yell at or otherwise attempt to intimidate or abuse a consular officer or staff, and they may not engage in any conduct that threatens U.S. national security or the security of the embassy or its personnel. Attendees must follow all security policies of the Department of State and the U.S. embassy or consulate where the appointment interview takes place.
Attendees may not engage in any conduct that violates this policy and/or otherwise materially disrupts the appointment interview. Failure to observe these parameters will result in a warning to the attendee and, if ignored, the attendee may be asked to leave the appointment interview and/or the premises, as appropriate. It would then be the applicant’s choice whether to continue the appointment interview without the attendee present, subject to the consular officer’s discretion to terminate the appointment interview. The safety and privacy of all applicants awaiting consular services, as well as of consular and embassy personnel, is of paramount consideration.